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Matrimonial Property Act: Valuation Date, Final Report 107


Currently, Alberta’s Matrimonial Property Act [MPA] requires matrimonial property to be valued at the date of trial. This is in direct opposition to many other matrimonial property statutes across Canada, which have opted to use the date of separation as the default valuation date. An Alberta case law review indicates that valuation date is one of the most problematic areas under the MPA, with valuation at trial reducing the chances of settlement and leading to […]

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September 1, 2015

Matrimonial Property Act: Valuation Date, Report for Discussion 25


The Matrimonial Property Act was enacted in 1978 and provides a method of sharing matrimonial property between spouses on marriage breakdown. What property is available for sharing and how is it valued? Since 2005, the law applied by the courts is that the property must be valued at trial. In reviewing Alberta cases since 2009, this date is problematic. It is an uncertain future date, assumes spouses will litigate to trial, and discourages earlier party driven settlements. […]

AREA OF LAW Family Law Marriage & Divorce
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November 2, 2014

Division of Matrimonial Property on Death, Final Report 83


This report addresses the underlying conflict between the principles of matrimonial property law and succession law that causes unfair results for a surviving spouse who under the existing law does not have a cause of action under the Matrimonial Property Act. The surviving spouse of a marriage terminated by death should not have fewer remedies than the spouse in a marriage terminated by divorce. The contribution of a spouse to a marriage should be recognized either […]

AREA OF LAW Wills and Succession Family Law
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May 29, 2000

Reform of the Intestate Succession Act, Final Report 78


The current scheme for intestate succession is patterned after legislation created in 1670. The report aims to reform the Intestate Succession Act in a manner more in line with the modern presumed intention of intestates, which has been gleaned through an examination of various studies. This report recommends that if an intestate died leaving a surviving spouse and issue, and all of the issue were of the surviving spouse, the entire estate should go to the surviving […]

AREA OF LAW Wills and Succession Family Law Marriage & Divorce
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June 29, 1999

Division of Matrimonial Property on Death, Report for Discussion 17


At the time of publication, there was a contradiction in the law of Alberta regarding marital property. If a marriage dissolved, each spouse would be presumed to have contributed equally to the marriage (barring evidence to the contrary), and therefore to be entitled to an even share of the marital property, regardless of the name on title. On the other hand, if one spouse died before the other, he or she would have complete freedom […]

AREA OF LAW Family Law Marriage & Divorce
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FILE rfd17.pdf

March 2, 1998

Reform of the Intestate Succession Act, Report for Discussion 16


A person who dies without a valid will is known as “intestate.” The distribution of such a person’s assets was (at the time of this report’s publication) determined by the Intestate Succession Act, RSA 1980, c I-9. This Act was based on a system of property distribution developed in 1670 (the Statute of Distribution). This report asserts that this scheme of distribution was out of date, and that the will of those who died intestate could be […]

AREA OF LAW Wills and Succession
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FORMAT Publications
FILE rfd16.pdf

January 2, 1996

The Matrimonial Home, Report for Discussion 14


This report discusses potential changes to the Dower Act and the Matrimonial Property Act. The Dower Act was created with the intent of supporting widows after the death of their husbands, by providing them with ownership, for the remainder of their lives, of the matrimonial home. This report investigates ways in which that intended support can be continued, given modern complexities. The report also considers situations in which, after a divorce or separation, a spouse can obtain occupation of the […]

AREA OF LAW Family Law Marriage & Divorce
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March 2, 1995

Division of Canada Pension Plan Credits in Alberta, Final Report 58


The Canada Pension Plan Act, RSC 1985, c C-8, as amended in 1987, allowed that on the appropriate minister being informed of a divorce, the total Canada Pension Plan (“CPP”) credits accumulated by both spouses through the course of the marriage would be split evenly between both ex-spouses. These amendments reflected a desire to protect women who, because of their unpaid contributions within the home, had historically suffered greater poverty in retirement than men. However, […]

AREA OF LAW Family Law Marriage & Divorce
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FORMAT Publications
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November 1, 1990

Section 16 of the Matrimonial Property Act, Final Report 57


Section 16 of the Matrimonial Property Act, RSA 1980, c M-9, stated that the rights of a person who started a property action against a spouse did not survive that person’s death, and thus the action could not be continued by his or her estate. This was based on the legal policy that matrimonial property should be available for the use of a surviving spouse. This report notes that, in practice, this section led to […]

AREA OF LAW Family Law Marriage & Divorce
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ENACTMENT

Miscellaneous Statutes Amendment Act, 1991, SA 1991, c 21, s 24 amending the Matrimonial Property Act (now RSA 2000, c M-8, s 16).

March 1, 1990

Matrimonial Property: Division of Pension Benefits Upon Marriage Breakdown, Final Report 48


This report recommends amendments to the Matrimonial Property Act to improve the division of the benefits of a pension plan upon marriage breakdown. It covers all pension plans that fall under provincial jurisdiction or that can be reached by Alberta court orders. Recommendations are designed to achieve fairness, minimize the future entanglement of spouses’ financial affairs, encourage settlements, minimize financial and emotional costs, and protect the interests of the employers and other employees in pension plans and […]

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June 1, 1986