As addressed in the other reports in this series, Alberta law relating to the care of children (at the time of this report’s publication) included a variety of statutory provisions that were out-dated, inconsistent, and/or had uncertain scope. For this reason, this report begins from a “clean slate” in trying to define (i) child guardianship, (ii) custody, and (iii) access, and to determine how these issues can be decided in order to protect the best interests of the child involved. These three points are discussed in-depth, and best policies and practices are considered. The report also considers how these policies could best be implemented both outside and within the courtroom setting (with an eye to making the use of the courts a last resort).